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Secession!

"Whenever any form of government is destructive of these ends [life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness] it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government in such form as to them shall seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness. Declaration of Independence, 1776
"The right of free union and of equally free secession is the first, the most important, of all political rights." Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) "Federalism, Socialism, Anti-Theologism," 1867.

Bibliography (with some links) on Secession

See also Organizations for Secession

Ackerman, Bruce

  • Social Justice and the Liberal State, 1980.

    Adams, Charles

  • When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000)

    Arena

  • Abstracts of Papers, 2007.

    Bakunin, Mikhail (1814-1876)

  • 1867.

    Balko, Radley

  • Reasononline, June 2008

    Benson, Bruce

  • "How to Secede in Business Without Really Leaving," in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    Beran, Harry

  • “A Liberal Theory of Secession,” Political Studies 32, (1984): 21-31.

    Birch, Anthony H.

  • "Another Liberal Theory of Secession," Political Studies 32 (1984): 596-602.
  • A Consent Theory of Political Obligation, 1987.

    Bledsoe, Albert Taylor

  • Is Davis a Traitor, or Was Secession a Constitutional Right Previous to the War of 1861? (Charleston, S.C: Fletcher and Fletcher, 1866. []
  • The War Between the States or Was Secession a Constitutional Right Previous to the War of 1861-65? (Arranged without verbal changes from "Is Davis a Traitor") 1915. []

    Block, Walter

  • LewRockwell.com
  • LewRockwell.com

    Bonner, Thomas N.

  • "Horace Greeley and the Secessionist Movement, 1860-1861," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 38, No. 3, (Dec., 1951): 423-444.

    Boucher, Chauncey Samuel (1886-)

  • The Nullification Controversy in South Carolina (1916). []

    Boykin, Scott

  • "The Ethics of Secession" in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    Bradford, M. E.

  • "Dividing the House: The Gnosticism of Lincoln's Rhetoric," Modern Age 23 (1979): 10-24.
  • A Better Guide than Reason: Studies in the American Revolution (LaSalle, Ill.: Sherwood Sugden, 1979).
  • "The Lincoln Legacy: A Long View," Modern Age 24 (1980): 355-63.
  • The Reactionary Imperative (Peru, Ill.: Sherwood Sugden, 1990).

    Brilmayer, L.

  • “Secession and Self-Determination: A Territorial Interpretation,” Yale Journal of International Law 16 (1991): 177-202.

    Buchanan, Allen

  • "Towards a Theory of Secession," Ethics, vol. 101, no. 2, Jan. 1991.
  • Secession: The Morality of Political Divorce From Fort Sumter to Lithuania and Quebec, 1991.
  • “Theories of Secession,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 26, no. 1 (1997): 31-61.
  • “Democracy and Secession,” in Secession and National Self-Determination, M. Moore (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • “What's So Special About Nations?,” in J. Couture, K. Nielsen, and M. Seymour (eds.), Rethinking Nationalism, Calgary, University of Calgary Press, 1998.
  • "The Quebec Secession Issue: Democracy, the Rule of Law, and Minority Rights," paper presented for Department of Intergovernmental Affairs, Office of the Privy Council, Government of Canada, 2000.
  • “Political Legitimacy and Democracy,” Ethics, 112/4 (July, 2002): 689-719.
  • “The Making and Unmaking of Boundaries: What Liberalism Has to Say,” in States, Nations, and Borders: The Ethics of Making Boundaries, ed. Allen Buchanan and Margaret Moore (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
  • Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • “Uncoupling Secession from Nationalism and Intrastate Autonomy,” in Negotiating Self-Determination, H. Hannum and E. F. Babbitt (eds), Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2006.
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2007.
  • Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law (Oxford Political Theory), Oxford University Press, USA, 2007.

    Buchheit, Lee

  • Secession: The Legitimacy of Self-Determination (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1978).

    Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia

  • Coppieters, Bruno

  • (ed. with Richard Sakwa) Contextualizing Secession: Normative Studies in Comparative Perspective, Oxford University Press, USA, 2003.

    Craven, Gregory

  • Secession: The Ultimate States Right (Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press, 1986).

    Daly, Dr John C. K.

  • Voices, 01/28/08
  • [American Indians have suffered under foreign invaders for 500 years. Now the descendents of Sitting Bull are fighting back, withdrawing from treaties with Washington.] ISN Security Watch (25/01/08).

    Desrochers, Pierre, and Eric Duhaime

  • "A Secessionist View of Quebec's Options," in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    DiLorenzo, Thomas J. []

  • "Yankee Confederates: New England Secession Movements Prior to the War Between the States" in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.
  • LewRockwell.com, November 28, 2000.
  • The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War (Roseville, Calif.: Prima, 2002)
  • Nov. 28, 2005.
  • July 4, 2006
  • August 26, 2006.
  • Lincoln Unmasked: What You're Not Supposed to Know About Dishonest Abe, 2006.
  • " Lincoln’s Greatest Failure (Or, How a Real Statesman Would Have Ended Slavery):, Nov. 15, 2012.
  • Nov. 21, 2012.
  • Nov. 29, 2012.
  • "Spielberg’s Upside-Down History: The Myth of Lincoln and the Thirteenth Amendment", Nov. 30, 2012.

    Dion, Stephne

  • "Why is Secession Difficult in Well-Established Democracies? Lessons from Quebec," British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Apr., 1996), pp. 269-283.

    Dos Santos, Anne Noronha

  • Military Intervention and Secession in South Asia: The Cases of Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Kashmir, and Punjab (Psi Reports), Praeger Security International, 2007.

    Doyle, Don H.

  • Secession as an International Phenomenon: From America's Civil War to Contemporary Separatist Movements, 2010.

    Durand, Greg Loren

  • Ebeling, Richard M.

  • Book Review of When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession, by Charles Adams (Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), Freedom Daily, November 2000

    Encyclopedia Britannica (1911)

  • Evans, Mark; Davis, Charles

  • Workers' Herald, December 1983.

    Fleiner, Thomas

  • “Recent Developments of Swiss Federalism.” Publius 32 (Spring 2002).

    Gordon, David

  • ed., Secession, State and Liberty Transaction Publishers, 1998.
  • Daily Article, Posted on 8/16/2007.

    Graham, John Remington

  • A Constitutional History of Secession (2002).

    Hannum, Hurst

  • Autonomy, Sovereignty, and Self-Determination: The Accommodation of Conflicting Rights, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.

    Harlan, Bill

  • Rapid City Journal (South Dakota), December 21, 2007.

    Hawes, Robert F.

  • One Nation, Indivisible? A Study of Secession and the Constitution, Fultus Corporation, 2006.

    Hechter, Michael

  • "The Dynamics of Secession," U. of Arizona, unpublished, 1990.

    Hendrix, Burke

  • Course Syllabus for GOVT 661, Cornell University

    Herman, Daniel Justin

  • Review of Charles Adams. When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000. H-CivWar (July, 2000).

    Hirsch, Michael

  • Newsweek, April 2008,

    Hood, Mary D.

  • "Bibliography on Secession and International Law," for America’s Regional Santa Clara University School of Law Conference on Secession and International Law, Jan. 31-Feb.2, 2001.

    Hoppe, Hans-Hermann

  • "Against Centralization," Salisbury Review, June 1993.
  • Chronicles, Nov. 1993.
  • "The Rationale for European Secession" in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.
  • LewRockwell.com (2201).
  • Democracy -- The God That Failed (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 2001).
  • 2004-06-28 -- []

    Horowitz, Donald L.

  • "'Self-Determination: Politics, Philosophy, and Law," in Margaret Moore (ed.), National Self-Determination and Secession (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1998). ) .

    Houston, David Franklin (1866-)

  • A critical study of nullification in South Carolina ([1896]) []

    Hülsmann, Jörg Guido

  • “Secession and the Production of Defense,” in The Myth of National Defense, ed. Hans-Hermann Hoppe (Auburn, Ala.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2003).

    Howe, Daniel Wait

  • Political History of Secession: To the Beginning of the American Civil War (1914). []

    Jovanovic, Miodrag

  • Constitutionalizing Secession in Federalized States: A Procedural Approach, Ashgate Publishing, 2006.

    Kauffman, Bill

  • Orion Magazine, July/August 2007.

    Kendall, Frances, and Lon Louw

  • After Apartheid: The Solution for South Africa (San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies, 1987).

    Kennedy, James Ronald, and Walter Donald Kennedy

  • The South Was Right (Gretna, La.: Pelican Publishing, 1994).

    Kennedy, John T.

  • Anti-State.com, 3/18/2003

    Ketcham, Christopher

  • , Good Magazine, January 2008.
  • Scott Horton Interviews Christopher Ketcham, February 14, 2008. []
  • "The Last Roundup," , May/June 2008. -- For decades the federal government has been developing a highly classified plan that would override the Constitution in the event of a terrorist attack. Is it also compiling a secret enemies list of citizens who could face detention under martial law?
  • Los Angeles Times, September 10, 2008.

    Kilbert, Elizabeth

  • "Staten Island is Voting, but It's Only a Sitcom Secession," New York Times, March 11, 1990.

    Kizer, Jr., Gene H.

  • Kohr, Leopold

  • The Breakdown of Nations, 1957, 1978.

    Kreptul, Andrei

  • Journal of Libertarian Studies Volume 17, no. 4 (Fall 2003), pp. 39–100.

    Kohen, Marcelo G.

  • (ed.) (2006).

    Kohr, Leopold

  • The Breakdown of Nations (1957).

    Kunstler, James Howard

  • The Long Emergency: Surviving the End of Oil, Climate Change, and Other Converging Catastrophes of the Twenty-First Century, 2005.

    Lamont, Lansing

  • Breakup: The Coming End of Canada and the Stakes for America (New York: W. W. Norton, 1994).

    Leef, George C.

  • The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty, Vol. 49 No. 6, June 1999.

    Lehning, Percy

  • Theories of Secession, Routledge, 1998.

    Levinson, Sanford

  • "Secession and the Future of Iraq: Should the Kurds, and Others, Be Able to Withdraw to Create Their Own Nations?" FindLaw, Thursday, Apr. 17, 2003.

  • Stalking the Wild Taboo, December 1996.
  • “The Secession Tradition in America” in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.
  • “The Very Idea of Secession,” Society 35, no. 5 (July–August 1998).
  • "Dismantling Leviathan," Harper's, May 2002.
  • "Southern Secession and Reconstruction," Ludwig von Mises Institute, February 29, 2004.
  • "The US Constitution," Ludwig von Mises Institute, February 29, 2004.
  • "The Rise of the Nation-State," Ludwig von Mises Institute, February 29, 2004.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 4 - August 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 7 - November 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 11 - March 2006.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 12 - April 2006.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 15 - Summer 2006.
  • "Hume and the Secession of the American Colonies," April 2006. []
  • Vermont Commons, 2007.

    Loring, C . W .

  • Nullification and Secession (New York, 1893)

    Machan, Tibor

  • Cato Institute, June 1, 2002.

    Margalit, Avashai, and Joseph Raz

  • "National Self-Determination." The Journal of Philosophy 87 (1990): 439-461.

    Martinenko, Alexander

  • “The Right of Secession as a Human Right,” Annual Survey of International and Comparative Law 3 (Fall 1996).

    McGee, Robert W.

  • Journal of Libertarian Studies, Fall 1994.
  • “Secession as a Tool for Limiting the Growth of State and Municipal Government and Making it More Responsive: A Constitutional Proposal,” Western State University Law Review 21 (Spring 1994), pp. 499–513.

    Monahan, Patrick J., and Michael J. Bryant

  • “Coming to Terms with Plan B: Ten Principles Governing Secession.” With Nancy C. Cote. C.D. Howe Institute Commentary 83 (June 1996).

    Moore, Carol

  • Vermont Commons, 01/29/2008.

    Moore, M.

  • “Introduction,” in Secession and National Self-Determination, M. Moore (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

    Morris, Stephen

  • The New Village Green. Gabriola Island, BC, Canada: New Society Publishers, 2007.

    Morse, H. Newcomb

  • "The Foundations and Meaning of Secession," Stetson Law Review 15 (1986): 419-36.

    Naylor, Thomas H. (Founder of the Second Vermont Republic)

  • (and William H. Willimon) Downsizing the U.S.A, 1997.
  • The Vermont Manifesto, 2003.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 1 - April 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 2 - May 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 7 - November 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 12 - April 2006.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 13 - May 2006
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 15 - Summer 2006.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 16 - Autumn 2006.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 17 - Winter 2007.
  • Secession (Feral House, 2008)
  • June 15, 2008.

    Norman, Wayne

  • “Domesticating Secession”, in Stephen Macedo, ed., Secession and Self-Determination, NOMOS XLV, New York: New York University Press (in press).
  • “National Autonomy”, in H. LaFollette, ed., Oxford Handbook in Practical Ethics, Oxford University Press (2003).
  • “Citizenship” (with Will Kymlicka), in R. Frey and C. Wellman, eds, Blackwell Companion to Applied Ethics, Oxford: Blackwell (2003).
  • "Secession and (Constitutional) Democracy," in F. Requejo, ed., Democracy and National Pluralism, London: Routledge Press (2001).
  • "The Ethics of Secession as the Regulation of Secessionist Politics," in M. Moore, ed., Self-Determination and Secession , Oxford University Press (1998).
  • "Towards a Philosophy of Federalism," in J. Baker, ed., Group Rights, University of Toronto Press (1994);
  • "Return of the Citizen," (with Will Kymlicka) Ethics v.104/2 (1994).
  • Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-Building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Second Vermont Republic, Sept. 1, 2007.
  • Second Vermont Republic, Jan. 15, 2008.
  • Second Vermont Republic, Feb. 1, 2008.
  • "Could Vermont Survive Economically as an Independent Republic?" Second Vermont Republic, February 15, 2008.
  • Second Vermont Republic, April 15, 2008.
  • Secession: How Vermont and all the Other States Can Save Themselves from the Empire Feral House, May 2008.
  • Second Vermont Republic, August 15, 2008.
  • "Americans Rediscover the Right of Self-Determination," Second Vermont Republic November 28, 2012

    Orentlicher, Diane

  • “Separation Anxiety: International Responses to Ethno-Separatist Claims,” Yale Journal of International Law (Winter 1998).

    Ostrowski, James

  • in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    Paul, Ron

  • Pavkovic, Aleksandar

  • Fragmentation of Yugoslavia: Nationalism in a Multinational State, St. Martin's Press, 1996.
  • Macquarie Law Journal, 2003.
  • (ed. with Igor Primoratz) Identity, Self-determination And Secession, Ashgate Publishing, 2006.
  • (with Peter Radan) Creating New States, Ashgate, 2007.
  • (with Peter Radan) On the Way to Statehood: Secession and Globalization, Ashgate, 2008.

    Perkins, Howard Cecil

  • Northern Editorials on Secession (Gloucester, Mass.: American Historical Association, 1964).

    Philpott, Daniel

  • “In Defense of Self-Determination,” Ethics 105 (January 1995).

    Porter, Wm. D. (William Dennison) (1810-1883)

  • (1860)

    Potter, David M.

  • "Horace Greeley and Peaceable Secession," Journal of Southern History (Baton Rouge), VII (May, 1941): 145-159.

    Powell, Edward

  • Nullification and Secession in the United States, 1897. []

    Premdas, Ralph R., S. W. R. de A. Samarasinghe, and Alan B. Anderson

  • ed., Secessionist Movement in Comparative Perspective, 1990.

    Remington Graham, John

  • A Constitutional History of Secession (Gretna, La.: Pelican Publishing, 2002).

    Rockwell, Jr., Llewellyn H.

  • WorldNetDaily, March 09, 2000.
  • LewRockwell.com, 1992. By

    Rothbard, Murray N.

  • Ethics of Liberty (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1982.
  • in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    Ryan, Claude

  • “Consequences of the Quebec Secession Reference: The Clarity Bill and Beyond.” C.D. Howe Institute Commentary 139 (April 2000).

  • Human Scale. New York, NY: Coward, McCann, and Geoghegan, 1980.
  • Rebels Against the Future: The Luddites and Their War on the Industrial, 1995.
  • Counterpunch, February 22, 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 1 - April 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 2 - May 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 3 - June/July 2005.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 4 - August 2005.
  • Quarterly Review – No. 3. – Autumn 2007.
  • "The Logic of Secession," [] October 5, 2007 at League of the South conference entitled "Southern Secession: Antidote to Empire and Tyranny"
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 22 - Mud Season 2008.
  • Vermont Commons, Issue 23 - Spring 2008.

    Saxer, Urs W.

  • “The Transformation of the Soviet Union: From a Socialist Federation to a Commonwealth of Independent States,” Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Journal (July 1992).

    Schumacher, E.F.

  • (1973).

    Secession And International Law: Conflict Avoidance-regional Appraisals, United Nations Publications, 2006.

    Sorens, Jason

  • Department of Political Science, University of Buffalo

    Spence, James

  • The American union : its effect on national character and policy, with an inquiry into secession as a constitutional right, and the causes of the disruption (1862). ]

    Spencer, Metta

  • Separatism: Democracy and Disintegration, Rowan & Littlefield, 1998.

    Stampp, Kenneth M.

  • "The Concept of a Perpetual Union," in The Imperiled Union: Essays on the Background of the Civil War (Oxford, England, 1980).

    Steinberg, Jonathan

  • 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

    Stephens, Alexander Hamilton

  • (1868).

    Stromberg, Joseph R.

  • "Republicanism, Federalism and Secession in the South, 1790 to 1865," in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.
  • Review of When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession by Charles Adams (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000), LewRockwell.com

    Sugg, John F.

  • Creative Loafing, Atlanta, October 10, 2007.

    Sunstein, C.

  • “Constitutionalism and Secession,” University of Chicago Law Review 58 (1991): 633-70.

    Szymanski, Greg

  • "Vermont Passes Resolution To Secede From The US," rense.com, 11-3-5.

    Treanor, Paul

  • Nation Planet. 23 Nov. 2004. 26 Nov. 2004.

    Usher, Dan

  • “The New Constitutional Duty to Negotiate,” Policy Options (January–February 1999), pp. 41–44
  • “Profundity Rampant: Secession and the Court, II,” Policy Options (September 1999), pp. 44–49.

  • Vermont Commons is a multimedia newspaper dedicated to the proposition that Vermonters should peaceably secede from the United States Empire.

    Weed, Thurlow (1797-1882)

  • "What I know about" Horace Greeley's secession, war and diplomatic record: a letter written (not published) in 1870," (1872).

    Weinstock, Daniel

  • “Toward a Proceduralist Theory of Secession,” Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 13 (July 2000).
  • "Constitutionalizing the Right to Secede." The Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (2001): 182-203

    Weller, Marc

  • Autonomy, Self Governance and Conflict Resolution (Kindle Edition), Taylor & Francis, 2007.

    Wellman, Christopher Heath

  • “A Defense of Secession and Political Self-Determination,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 24, no. 2 (Spring 1995): 142-171.
  • , 2005.

    White, Melvin Johnson (1878-)

  • The Secession Movement in the United States, 1847-1852 (1910). []

    Wikipedia Articles

  • Williams, Walter

  • Capitalism Magazine (April 19, 2002).

    Wilson, Clyde

  • "Secession: The Last, Best Bulwark of Our Liberties" in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    Woods, Jr., Thomas E.

  • Secede! (review of Secession, State and Liberty, Edited with an introduction by David Gordon, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1998), LewRockwell.com

    Wright, William C.

  • The Secession Movement in the Middle Atlantic States (Rutherford, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1973).

    Yates, Steven

  • "When is Political Divorce Justified?" in David Gordon, ed., Secession, State and Liberty, Transaction Publishers, 1998.

    Young, Robert A.

  • “How Do Peaceful Secessions Happen?” Canadian Journal of Political Science 27, no. 4 (December 1994).

    Zachary, G. Pascal

  • SFGate, Sunday, April 20, 2003.

    Zoretich, Frank

  • Albuquerque Tribune, February 17, 2000.
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